Construction and Norming of Moral Characteristics scale in High School students



The aim of this research was to inquiry psychometrics specifications of ethical characteristics scale in high school students. For this purpose, a sample of 693 students of high school in Oumieh was selected by cluster-stratified- randomly sampling. Five-choice 72-question scale inventories prepared by the researcher were used for assessment of moral characteristics. For extracting factors main factor analysis was applied and two main factors of morality including external and internal factors were indicated. The first factor included  8 variables (morality based on law, ethical contract, universal ethical principles, super  ego, cognitive schemas, Islamic religious ethical principles, ethical sensitivity & motivation, ethical administrative skills) and second factor involved four variables (ethics based on punishment, viscerotonia, confirmation of others, observational learning). These factors analysis totally explained 56/96% of variance. For determination of validity in this scale, use correlation of Lind inventory scales with first factor equal to 0/79%, second factor equal to 0/68%, and total scale equal to 0/71%. For determination of reliability in this scale, Cronbach alpha was used and showed 0/88% for factor 1, 0/67% for factor 2, 0/74% for total scale. Data analysis showed that there is significant difference in micro ethics based on punishment, viscerotonia, religious principles and ethical sensitivity.