Durable development requires all-out work force participation. Many authorities in the management science believe that the participation or contribution and involvement of human resources will have a significant role in the organization efficiency and effectiveness. The purpose of this study is the identification of factors (managerial and organizational social cultural motivational and biological) which have challenged the adoption of management and staff responsibilities on the part of women employed in Lorestan education office. For this purpose, some 375 women were selected by random-class sampling among 13169 women working in the community under study. Through survey research and using a questionnaire consisting of 30 open and clozed questions we collected the required data. The result of analysis showed that the managerial and organizational factor was the main challenge for the adoption of management and staff responsibilities. This was more frequent among individuals with advanced degrees. The social cultural and motivational factors were respectively in the subsequent priorities and single women appeared to tend less to adopt management and staff responsibilities. The least challenge was the physical factor apparent only among people with a long career. As to other variables such as age place of work (geographically and different grades) no significant difference in the adoption of responsibility as principal was observed.